Hume and the classical problem of induction.
On the Problem of Induction A Critique of Nelson Goodman’s Concept of the New Riddle of Induction The development of the method of induction has been privy to the presentation and solution of riddles.At the initial level of its development, it has been privy to the old riddle of induction discovered by Hume.After the solution of the former riddle, however, a new riddle of induction was.
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In his Treatise of Human Nature, David Hume argues strongly against our intuitions about induction. In his view, the justification of induction relies upon the principle of the uniformity of nature, a principle that we can only justify by an appeal.
In a formal theory of induction, inductive inferences are licensed by universal schemas. In a material theory of induction, inductive inferences are licensed by facts. With this change in the conception of the nature of induction, I argue that Hume’s celebrated “problem of induction” can no longer be set up and is thereby dissolved.
Indeed, if I were to quote Hume 19s first three sentences at the beginning of his essay 1CThe Sceptic 1D, it would sum up my own impression of his thoughts 1COn Suicide I must admit I was disappointed, however it is well written and indeed the book has more than just the one subject in it; including Hume 19s own impressions of other philosophers 19 ideas.
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David Hume Hume, David, 1711-76, Scottish philosopher, and historian. Hume brings empiricalism of John Rock and George Berkeley to the logical extremes of fundamental skepticism. He denied the possibility of some kind of knowledge, found a series of emotions in his mind, and believed that the causal relationship in nature arises from the combination of the two kinds of impressions. David Hume.